Mantella pulchra

Keeping

I keep a group of this magnificent little frog in an Exo-Terra Terrarium measuring 60x45x45 cm. It is placed low in my room, to make sure, the temperature don’t rise to high.

The terrarium has a layer of LECA as a drainage layer – and on top of this, i have put a layer of dead leaves for hides and to make it look more natural. Larger hides are made of pieces of bark, layed on top of the leaves. The drainage layer is filled almost to the top with water, to ensure a high degree of humidity – besides of this, the terrarium is sprayed with rain-water every other day.

The back-ground is a piece of Cork-Bark cut into size, to fit the back completely. A single plant species is creeping the background of the terrarium.

Feeding

I feed my frogs three times a week. They are feed primarily with Drosophila hydei, but also sometimes with Drosophila melanogaster, pinheads from Gryllus bimaculatus, and springtails (Collembola)

Literature for the genus Mantella

  • Ammer, M. 1989. Verzorging en kweek van de gouden kikker (Mantella aurantiaca) in het terrarium. Lacerta, 47(5): 134-139
  • Andreone, F. 1992. Syntopy of Mantella cowani Boulenger and Mantella madagascariensis (Grandidier) in central-eastern Madagascar, with notes on the colouration in the genus Mantella (Anura: Mantellidae). Boll. Mus. reg. Sci. nat. Torino, 10(2): 421-450.
  • Andreone, F. 2002. Mantella nigricans. Nocturnal Activity. Herpetol. Rev., 33(4): 303.
  • Andreone, F. 2004. Conservazione, utilizzo e commercio in tre specie de anfibi minacciati del Madagascar: Mantella cowani, Mantella expectata e Scaphiophryne gottlebei. In: Zuffi, M.A.L. (ed.) V° Congresso Nazionale della Societas Herpetologica Italica – 29 settembre – 3 ottobre 2004, Calci (Pisa), 77 pp. Pp. 4.
  • Andreone, F. & J.E. Randrianirina. 2003. It’s not Carnival for the Harlequin Mantella! Urgent Actions Needed to Conserve Mantella cowani, an Endangered Frog from the High Plateau of Madagascar. Froglog, 59: 1-2.
  • Andriamaharavo, N.R., H.M. Garraffo, T.F. Spande, L.-A. Giddings, D.R. Vieites, M. Vences & R.A. Saporito. 2015. Individual and Geographic Variation of Skin Alkaloids in Three Swamp-Forest Species of Madagascan Poison Frogs (Mantella). J. Chem. Ecol., 41(9): 837-847.
  • Andriantsiferana, M., N.R. Andriamaharavo, C.R. Razafindrabe, C. Harisoa, P. Rasendra, M. Garraffo, T. Spande & J. Daly. 2005. New Lipophilic Alkaloids from Mantella frogs collected in Madagascar. In: 11th NAPRECA Symposium Book of Proceedings. Pp. 169-186.
  • Arnoult, J. 1966 Écologie et développement de Mantella aurantiaca. Bull. Mus. Nat. Hist. Nat. Paris, (2)37: 931-940.
  • Bora, P., R. Dolch, R. Jenkins, O. Jovanovich, F.C.E. Rabemananjara, J. Randrianirina, J. Rafanomezantsoa, L. Raharivololoniaina, O. Ramilijaona, N. Raminosoa, R. Randrianavelona, A. Raselimanana, B. Razafimahatratra, T. Razafindraibe & M. Vences. 2008. Geographical distribution of three species of Malagasy poison frogs of high conservation priority: Mantella aurantiaca, M. crocea and M. milotympanum. Herpetol. Notes, 1: 39-48.
  • Busse, K. 1981. Revision der Farbmuster-Variabilität in der madagassischen Gattung Mantella (Salientia: Ranidae). Amphibia-Reptilia, 2(1): 23-42.
  • Busse, K. & W. Böhme. 1992. Two remarkable frog discoveries of the genera Mantella (Ranidae: Mantellinae) and Scaphiophryne (Microhylidae: Scaphiophryninae) from the west coast of Madagascar. Rev. fr. Aquariol., 19(1/2): 57-64.
  • Böhme, W., K. Busse & F. Glaw. 1993. The identity of Mantella cowani Boulenger, 1882 and M. haraldmeieri Busse, 1981. Amphibia-Reptilia, 14(3): 269-273.
  • Chiari, Y., M. Vences, D.R. Vieites, F. Rabemananjara, P. Bora, O. Ramilijaona Ravoahangimalala & A. Meyer. 2004. New Evidence for parallel evolution of colour patterns in Malagasy poison frogs (Mantella). Mol. Ecol., 13: 3763-3774.
  • Christiansen, J. 1963. Æglægning af Mantella aurantiaca. NHF, (23): 3-5.
  • Crottini, A., J.L. Brown, V. Mercurio, F. Glaw, M. Vences & F. Andreone. 2012. Phylogeography of the poison frog Mantella viridis (Amphibia: Mantellidae) reveals chromatic and genetic differentiation across ecotones in northern Madagascar. J. Zool. Syst. Evol. Res., 50(4): 305-314.
  • Crottini, A., Y. Chiari, V. Mercurio, A. Meyer, M. Vences & F. Andreone 2008 Into the canyons: the phylogeography of the Malagasy frogs Mantella expectata and Scaphiophryne gottlebei in the arid Isalo Massif, and its significance for conservation (Amphibia: Mantellidae and Microhylidae) Org. Divers. Evol., 8: 368-377.
  • Daly, J.W., H.M. Garraffo, G.S.E. Hall & J.F. Cover, Jr. 1997 Absence of Skin Alkaloids in Captive-Raised Madagascan Mantelline Frogs (Mantella) and Sequestration of Dietary Alkaloids Toxicon, 35(7): 1131-1135.
  • Daly, J.W., N.R. Andriamaharavo, M. Andriantsiferana & C.W. Myers 1996 Madagascan Poison Frogs (Mantella) and Their Skin Alkaloids Amer. Mus. Novit., 3177: 1-34.
  • Edmonds, D. 2007 A Visit to Two Unique Mantella Populations in East-central Madagascar Leaf Litter, 1(1): 14-17.
  • Edmonds, D. 2008 Meet the Mantellas Reptiles Magazine, 16(10): 52-63.
  • Edmonds, D. 2009 Extended distribution of two frogs from Madagascar: Mantella crocea and Mantella manery (Anura: Mantellidae) Herpetol. Notes, 2: 53-57.
  • Edmonds, D. 2016 Bescherming van kikkers door de Mitsinjo Association in Andasibe, Madagaskar Lacerta, 74(5-6): 229-239.
  • Edmonds, D., J.C. Rakotoarisoa, S. Rasoanantenaina, S.S. Sam, J. Soamiarimampionona, E. Tsimialomanana, Y.R. Dolch, F. Rabemananjara, N. Rabibisoa & E. Robsomanitrandrasana 2015 Captive husbandry, reproduction, and fecundity of the golden mantella (Mantella aurantiaca) at the Mitsinjo breeding facility in Madagascar Salamandra, 51(4): 315-325.
  • Garcia, G., E. Rakotondrasoa, K. Upton & R.A. Griffiths 2018 Mantella aurantiaca. Predation by terrestrial beetle larvae Herpetol. Rev., 49(1): 97-98.
  • Gehring, P.-S. 2008 Beobachtungen an madagassischen Buntfröschen der Gattung Mantella im Freiland Terraria, (11)3(3): 65-72.
  • Glaw, F. 2017 (Review) Madagaskar-Buntfrösche. Die Gattung Mantella by A. Altenmüller Sauria, 39(4): 24.
  • Glaw, F. & K. Schmidt 1997 Haltung und Nachzucht von madagassischen Fröschen der Gattung Mantella im Zoologischen Forschungsinstitut und Museum Alexander Koenig Zusammenfassungen DGHT Jahrestagung 1997: 17.
  • Glaw, F. & M. Vences 1992 Zur Biologie, Biometrie und Färbung bei Mantella laevigata Methuen & Hewitt, 1913 Sauria, 14(4): 25-29.
  • Glaw, F. & M. Vences 1998 Madagassische Giftfrösche – Färbungsvariation im Mantella-aurantiaca-Komplex DATZ, 51(4): 246-249.
  • Glaw, F. & M. Vences 2000 Mantella madagascariensis und Mantella baroni DATZ, 53(1): 18-22.
  • Glaw, F. & M. Vences 2000 Färbungsvariation zwischen Mantella cowani und M. baroni DATZ, 53(2): 48-50.
  • Glaw, F. & M. Vences 2000 Mantella manery, M. nigricans und M. milotympanum DATZ, 53(7): 36-39.
  • Glaw, F., K. Schmidt & M. Vences 2000 Nachzucht, Juvenilfärbung und Oophagie von Mantella laevigata im Vergleich zu anderen Arten der Gattung (Amphibia: Ranidae) Salamandra, 36(1): 1-24.
  • Guibé, J. 1964 Revision des espèces du genre Mantella (Amphibia, Ranidae) Senck. biol., 45(3/5): 259-264.
  • Guibé, J. 1967 Revision af arterne indenfor slægten Mantella (Amphibia, Ranidae) NHF, (50): 6-12.
  • Halfpenny, S.C. 1990 A method of sexing Mantella aurantiaca and some other frog species Denddrobatidae Nederland, 2: 138-141.
  • Hauswaldt, J.S., A. Crottini & M. Vences 2009 Nine microsatellite loci for the Malagasy Poison Frogs (Mantella) Conserv. Genet. Res., 1(1): 269-271.
  • Heying, H. 1997 Behaviour and sexual selection in Mantella, with comparisons to dendrobatids In: Rocek, Z. & S. Hart (eds.). Third World Congress of Herpetology Abstracts. Durabo Celokovice, Prague. Pp. 97.
  • Heying, H. 2004 Reproductive limitation by oviposition site in a treehole breeding Madagascan poison frog (Mantella laevigata) Misc. Publ. Mus. Zool. Univ. Michigan, 193: 23-30.
  • Heying, H.E. 2001 Social and reproductive behaviour in the Madagascan poison frog, Mantella laevigata, with comparisons to the dendrobatids Anim. Behav., 61: 567-577.
  • Heying, H.E. 2001 Mantella laevigata. Aborted Predation Herpetol. Rev., 32(1): 34.
  • Jenkins, R.K.B. & R. Randrianavelona 2011 Species conservation strategy for the golden Mantella launched in Madagascar FrogLog, 97: 35-36.
  • Jovanovic, O. & M. Vences 2010 Skeletochronological analysis of age structure in populations of four species of Malagasy poisonous frogs, genus Mantella Amphibia-Reptilia, 31(4): 553-557.
  • Jovanovic, O., J. Glos, F. Glaw, R.-D. Randrianiaina & M. Vences 2009 Comparative larval morphology in Madagascan frogs of the genus Mantella (Amphibia: Mantellidae) Zootaxa, 2124: 21-37.
  • Jovanovic, O., M. Vences, G. Safarek, F.C.E. Rabemananjara & R. Dolch 2009 Predation upon Mantella aurantiaca in the Torotorofotsy wetlands, central-eastern Madagascar Herpetol. Notes, 2: 95-97.
  • Klonoski, K., K. Bi & E.B. Rosenblum 2019 Phenotypic and genetic diversity in aposematic Malagasy poison frogs (genus Mantella) Ecol. Evol., 9(5): 2725-2742.
  • Kuchling, G. 1993 Zur Verbreitung und Fortpflanzung von Mantella betsileo in Westmadagaskar Salamandra, 29(3/4): 273-276.
  • Kurabayashi, A., C. Usuki, N. Mikami, T. Fujii, H. Yonekawa, M. Sumida & M. Hasegawa 2006 Complete nucleotide sequence of the mitochondrial genome of a Malagasy poison frog Mantella madagascariensis: Evolutionary implications on mitochondrial genomes of higher anuran groups Mol. Phyl. Evol., 39(1): 223-236.
  • Larsen, S. 1997 Frøer af slægten Mantella. Hold og opdræt NHF, 40(5): 126-143.
  • Lipp, H. 2004 Die “madagassischen Pfeilgiftfrösche” – Haltung und Vermehrung von Mantella Draco, (19)5(3): 74-80.
  • Madsen, P. 1963 Førstopdræt af Mantella aurantiaca NHF, (27): 4-7.
  • Meier, H. 1986 Neues für den Terrarianer über die Gattung Mantella auf Madagaskar herpetofauna(D), 8(41): 9-14.
  • Mercurio, V. & F. Andreone 2006 The tadpoles of Scaphiophryne gottlebei (Microhylidae: Scaphiophryninae) and Mantella expectata (Mantellidae: Mantellinae) from Isalo Massif, south-central Madagascar Alytes, 23(3-4): 81-95.
  • Mercurio, V. & F. Andreone 2008 New distribution data of the green mantella, Mantella viridis, from northern Madagascar (Anura: Mantellidae) Herpetol. Notes, 1: 3-7.
  • Merminod, C. 2000 L’élevage des Dendrobates et des Mantella Maquette Frederic Pras, 83 pp.
  • Meulengracht-Madsen 1970 Abrikosfrøen (Mantella aurantiaca) NHF, 13(6): 81-87.
  • Odierna, G., M. Vences, G. Aprea, S. Lötters & F. Andreone 2001 Chromosome data for Malagasy poison frogs (Amphibia: Ranidae: Mantella) and their bearing on taxonomy and phylogeny Zool. Sci., 18: 505-514.
  • Oetter, K., S. Wanke & M. Vences 2001 Ergänzende Daten zur Larvalentwicklung von Mantella laevigata Methuen & Hewitt, 1913 (Amphibia: Mantellidae) Salamandra, 37(2): 99-104.
  • Oostveen, H. 1978 Den gyldne Mantella fra Madagaskar NHF, 21(9): 238-245.
  • Ottensmann, M.-S. 1993 Mantella crocea – Terrarienhaltung, Verhaltensbeobachtungen und Nachzucht herpetofauna(D), 15(85): 27-30.
  • Passos, L.F., G. Garcia & R.J. Young 2017 The tonic immobility test: Do wild and captive golden mantella frogs (Mantella aurantiaca) have the same response? PLoS ONE, 12(7): e0181972.
  • Piludu, N., N. Dubos, J.H. Razafimanahaka, P. Razafindraibe, J.C. Randrianantoandro & R.K.B. Jenkins 2015 Distribution, threats and conservation of a Critically Endangered amphibian (Mantella aurantiaca) in Eastern Madagascar Herpetol. Notes, 8: 119-123.
  • Pintak, T. & W. Böhme 1988 Mantella viridis sp.n. (Anura: Ranidae: Mantellinae) aus Nord-Madagaskar Salamandra, 24(2/3): 119-124.
  • Pintak, T. & W. Böhme 1990 Mantella crocea sp.n. (Anura: Ranidae: Mantellinae) aus dem mittleren Ost-Madagaskar Salamandra, 26(1): 58-62.
  • Pintak, T., M. Vences, F. Glaw & W. Böhme 1998 Comparative chromosome morphology of Malagasy poison frogs (Amphibia: Ranidae: Mantella) Folia Zool., 47(3): 197-204.
  • Rabemananjara, F., P. Bora, J.E. Cadle, F. Andreone, E. Rajeriarison, P. Talata, F. Glaw, M. Vences & D.R. Vieites 2005 New records, distribution and conservation of Mantella bernhardi, an Endangered frog species from south-eastern Madagascar Oryx, 39(3): 339-342.
  • Rabemananjara, F.C.E., A. Crottini, Y. Chiari, F. Andreone, F. Glaw, R. Duguet, P. Bora, O.R. Ramiljaona & M. Vences 2007 Molecular systematics of Malagasy poison frogs in the Mantella betsileo and M. laevigata species groups Zootaxa, 1501: 31-44.
  • Rabemananjara, F.C.E., P. Bora, T.J. Razafindrabe, E. Randriamitso, O.R. Ramilijaona, N.R. Raminosoa, D. Rakotondravonny, D.R. Vieites & M. Vences 2008 Rapid assessments of population sizes in ten species of Malagasy poison frogs, genus Mantella Monogr. Mus. Reg. Sci. Nat. Torino, 45: 253-264.
  • Rabemananjara, F.C.E., Y. Chiari, O.R. Ramilijaona & M. Vences 2007 Evidence for recent gene flow between north-eastern and south-eastern Madagascan poison frogs from a phylogeography of the Mantella cowani group Front. Zool., 4(1): 1-10.
  • Rabibisoa, N.H., M. Anjeriniaina, V. Rakotoniaina, H. Randrianasolo, F.E.C. Rabemanajara & F. Andreone 2013 The Harlequin Mantella Mantella cowanii in Antoetra Region, High Plateau of Madagascar: New Steps in Conservation FrogLog, (107)21(3): 50-51.
  • Rakotomalala, D., M. Vences & S.M. Goodman 2001 Geographic Distribution. Mantella nigricans Herpetol. Rev., 32(2): 115.
  • Randrianavelona, R., H. Rakotonoely, J. Ratsimbazafy & R.K.B. Jenkins 2010 Conservation assessment of the critically endangered frog Mantella aurantiaca in Madagascar Afr. J. Herpetol., 59(1): 65-78.
  • Randrianavelona, R., J.C. Randrianantoandro, N. Rabibisoa, H. Randrianasolo, S. Rabesihanaka, S. Randriamahaleo & R.K.B. Jenkins 2010 Stratégie de Conservation de l’Espèce Mantella aurantiaca (grenouille dorée) 2011-2015 Unpubl. 44 pp.
  • Razafimahatratra, B., N. Fatroandrianjafinonjasolomiovazo, R. Andriantsimanarilafy & R. Jenkins 2009 The status of Mantella milotympanum in the Ankeniheny-Zahamena Corridor, eastern Madagascar Herpetol. Notes, 2: 207-213.
  • Schaefer, H.-C., M. Vences & M. Veith 2002 Molecular phylogeny of Malagasy poison frogs, genus Mantella (Anura: Mantellidae): homoplastic evolution of colour pattern in aposematic amphibians Org. Divers. Evol., 2: 97-105.
  • Schmidt, K. 1999 Mantella – Interessante Giftfrösche von Madagaskar Reptilia(D), (15)4(1): 26-34.
  • Schmidt, K. 1999 Mantella: interesting poisonous frogs of Madagascar Reptilia(GB), (7): 20-27.
  • Searcey, R.L. 2001 Tropical Enclosures: Constructing vivaria for mantellas Reptiles Magazine, 9(1): 70-74.
  • Searcey, R.L. 2001 Tropical Enclosures: Vivaria for mantellas (Part 2) Reptiles Magazine, 9(3): 36-39,
  • Siegenthaler, R. 1989 Die Aufzucht des madagassischen Goldfröschchens Mantella aurantiaca herpetofauna(D), 11(60): 32-34.
  • Staniszewski, M. 1995 Mantellas in Captivity Reptilian, 4(1): 16-26.
  • Staniszewski, M. 1998 The Proper Classification of Mantellas Reptilian, 5(5): 7-10.
  • Staniszewski, M.S. 1999 Mantella Reptilia(D), (15)4(1): 20-25.
  • Staniszewski, M.S. 1999 Mantella Reptilia(GB), (7): 12-18.
  • Tessa, G., F. Mattioli, V. Mercurio & F. Andreone 2009 Egg numbers and fecundity traits in nine species of Mantella poison frogs from arid grasslands and rainforests of Madagascar (Anura: Mantellidae) Madagascar Conserv. Develop., 4(2): 113-119.
  • Tinnesen, K. 1999 Opdræt af gylden mantella, Mantella aurantiaca NHF, 42(6): 150-153.
  • Tomey, W.A. 1996 Madagaskars hoppande juveler – Grodor av släktet Mantella Akvariet, 1996(2): 54-59, (3): 86-89, (4): 110-111, (5): 151-152, (6): 185-188.
  • Unfried, H. 1987 Beobachtungen am madagassischen Goldfröschchen Mantella aurantiaca Boulenger, 1882 herpetofauna(D), 9(49): 25-30.
  • van Tomme, G. 1988 Erfaringer med Mantella-arterne. Specielt vedrørende Mantella m. madagascariensis NHF, 31(8): 235-244.
  • Vences, M. 1999 (Review) The Golden Mantella Handbook von M. Staniszewski elaphe N.F., 7(1): 77-78.
  • Vences, M. & C. Kniel 1998 Mikrophage und myrmecophage Ernährungsspezialisierung bei madagasssischen Giftfröschen der Gattung Mantella Salamandra, 34(3): 245-254.
  • Vences, M. & F. Glaw 1998 (Review) Guide to Owning a Mantella von M. Staniszewski Salamandra, 34(2): 189-191.
  • Vences, M., A. Hille & F. Glaw 1998 Allozyme differentiation in the genus Mantella (Amphibia: Anura: Mantellinae) Folia Zool., 47(4): 261-274.
  • Vences, M., C. Woodhead, P. Bora & F. Glaw 2004 Rediscovery and redescription of the holotype of Mantella manery Alytes, 22(1-2): 15-18.
  • Vences, M., F. Glaw & W. Böhme 1999 A review of the genus Mantella (Anura, Ranidae, Mantellinae): taxonomy, distribution and conservation of Malagasy poison frogs Alytes, 17(1-2): 3-72.
  • Vences, M., F. Glaw, A. Hille & W. Böhme 2000 Phylogeny of the anuran genus Mantella from Madagascar Bonn. Zool. Monogr., 46: 398.
  • Vences, M., F. Glaw, A. Peyrieras, W. Böhme & K. Busse 1994 Der Mantella madagascariensis-Komplex: Wiederentdeckung von Mantella cowani und Beschreibung von Mantella bernhardi n.sp. DATZ, 47(6): 390-393.
  • Vences, M., F. Glaw, P. Mausfeld & W. Böhme 1998 Comparative osteology of Malagasy poison frogs of the genus Mantella (Amphibia: Ranidae: Mantellinae) Bonn. zool. Beitr., 48(2): 205-215.
  • Vences, M., J. Köhler, K. Schmidt & F. Glaw ? Mantella betsileo: Haltung, Nachzucht und Farbvarianten DATZ: 579-582.
  • Vieites, D.R., Y. Chiari, M. Vences, F. Andreone, F. Rabemananjara, P. Bora, S. Nieto-Román & A. Meyer 2006 Mitochondrial evidence for distinct phylogeographic units in the endangered Malagasy poison frog Mantella bernhardi. Mol. Ecol., 15: 1617-1625.
  • Wagner, E. 1997 Eggs and Reptiles, Breeding Mantellas, Timor Pythons Reptiles Magazine, 5(9): 86-89.
  • Walls, J.G. 2004 Mantella Mania, Mismatched Pythons Reptiles Magazine, 12(6): 18-20.
  • Winchell, S. 1999 (Review) The Golden Mantella Handbook by M. Staniszewski Reptilia(GB), (7): 72.
  • Wolpart, K. & H. Müller. 1981. Frøer af slægten Mantella. NHF, 24(9): 243-249.
  • Wolpert, K. & H. Müller. 1980. Frösche der Gattung Mantella (Amphibia, Ranidae). Teil 1. herpetofauna(D), 2(7): 15-16.
  • Wolpert, K. & H. Müller. 1980. Frösche der Gattung Mantella (Amphibia, Ranidae). Teil 2. herpetofauna(D), 2(8): 21-23.
  • Woodhead, C., M. Vences, D.R. Vieites, I. Gamboni, B.L. Fisher & R.A. Griffiths. 2007. Specialist or generalist? Feeding ecology of the Malasy poison frog Mantella aurantiaca. Herpetol. J., 17(4): 225-236.
  • Zimmermann, H. 1992. Nachzucht und Schutz von Mantella crocea, Mantella viridis, und vom madagassischen Goldfroschen Mantella aurantiaca. Z. Kölner Zoo 35:165–72.
  • Zimmermann, H. 1996. On the origin of the Malagasy Mantella. Biogéogr. Madagascar, 1996: 385-396.
  • Zimmermann, H. 1996. Der Schutz des tropischen Regenwaldes und ein kleines Fröschchen in Ost-Madagaskar. Stapfia, 47: 189-218.
  • Zimmermann, H. 1999. Schutz und Erhaltung der madagassischen Farbgiftfrösche und ihrer Lebensräume. Reptilia(D), (15)4(1): 35-39.
  • Zimmermann, H. & S. Hetz. 1992. Vorläufige Bestandsaufnahme und Kartierung des gefährdeten Goldfröschchen, Mantella aurantiaca, im tropischen Regenwald Ost-Madagaskars herpetofauna(D), 14(77): 33-34.
  • Zimmermann, H., E. Zimmermann & P. Zimmermann. 1990. Feldstudien im Biotop von Goldfröschchen, Mantella aurantiaca, im tropischen Regenwald Ost-Madagaskars. herpetofauna(D), 12(64): 21-24.